We're agile! Often times we have to conform to our client's workflow and fold ourselves in, but below we'll describe our ideal process.
What we do
We focus on taking in our client's problems and churning out clever solutions. Often, getting a clear picture of the problems is the hardest part.
Communicating what is wrong and what is needed is difficult. When a client says their user should be able to schedule a meeting, what does that really mean? It probably means only certain people should be able to see the schedule, only certain people should be able to schedule a meeting, meetings shouldn't be longer than 3 hours, we need a way to keep meeting minutes organized, and so on.
How we do it
To solve our client's problems effectively, we need as much up front communication in the form of specs, wire-frames, in person meets, and video chats as possible. The more concrete the details the better — in most cases!
We have worked with clients on both ends of the organizational spectrum. At one end, we have had clients who create detailed overviews, with their own mock-ups of changes they want implemented. On the other end, we've had clients who don't really know what they want, only a vague sense of an end goal. While we prefer as much up front information as possible, we can work with clients wherever they land!
We generally structure our tasks in the form of user stories. User stories are concise, simple descriptions of some feature, from the perspective of the person who would be using that feature. Typically in the form of:
As a <someone>, I want <an objective> so I can <do something>
We work with our clients to create user stories to facilitate discussion about the end goal of a solution, rather than the nitty-gritty of solution implementations.
To plan effectively, these user stories are then given a difficulty "score" base on their perceived difficulty. Using these "scores" we can determine how long the project should take. This helps us more effectively determine our current progress and realistic delivery dates.
Velocity is calculated by taking our point completion average of the last three weeks. Using this trend, coupled with the difficulty ratings of what is left in the project, we can more accurately calculate feature delivery dates, and communicate this information to the client in a meaningful way.
We work on a two week "sprint" cycle. We start with a clear set of tasks to work on for the next two weeks, and we address them in order of priority. At the end of these two weeks, we review our completed work, and use that information to forecast our next two weeks of work.
Day -n (before work on a project is started)
Project kick off
On a new project, we have a "kick off meeting" (or sometimes a series of meetings) with the client and any other relevant personnel. The goal of these meetings is to outline the bulk of the tasks on the project and give each of them a preliminary order of priority and anticipated difficulty.
Day 0 (before sprint ends)
As a sprint draws to a close, we "groom the backlog" of remaining tasks. We work with the client to make sure our order of priority matches theirs, and we also seek any additional clarification on tasks that may have come up during the course of the sprint. Any questions about acceptance criteria should be worked out during this grooming process.
It is important that our backlog grooming is addressed before the beginning of the next sprint, that way we can start each sprint with a fresh set of outlined tasks in a known order of priority.
Day 1 - Sprint end & review, start of new sprint
We end the previous sprint and start the next one on the same day.
Our sprint review meetings begin with each person giving a small, 2 minute demonstration on things they completed during that sprint. This is a great opportunity for everyone to see where a project is at, and where it is moving. It is also an opportunity to show off a new tool or discuss a particularly hard problem. That way, if one of us runs in to something similar down the road, we know where/who to ask for help.
It is also a great chance for us to take pride in our work. Knowing you'll get to show off the cool shit you built to other people who can appreciate it is a driving force as a sprint draws to close.
We keep track of what's causing pain and what's getting better. If someone has been having some stress with a client, something in their life, or anything else, we try to talk it through and help out where appropriate.
Just about every line of code we send out has been examined by at least on other engineer. This facilitates learning in many ways:
- The people involved in the code review get to bond
- Sharing of knowledge
- An extra set of eyes on potential edge cases
- Helping to enforce consistent style and paradigms
- Verification acceptance criteria is met
After code has been reviewed and accepted, and all automated tests are passing, it is merged in to the main code base -- ready to be deployed!
Before the sprint planning meeting, each developer has done a small version of their own backlog grooming, making sure the status of all of their tasks is current. They also work in conjunction with project managers to add tasks to their queue, so everyone has a prioritized, current list of tasks.
This makes sprint planning meetings relatively quick as it is mostly about verifying everyone is on the same page about who is doing what, when everything is due, and that difficulty assessments are all accurate.
Day 2 - 14
Project managers keep an eye on our burndown rate and trajectory. As problems come up or goals change, they are there to help get additional information from the client and keep them apprised of our progress.
We strive for flexibility, we understand priorities can change. We plan our sprints so we are working at max capacity for the duration of the sprint, maximizing our throughput. This means we can't add tasks mid sprint, but we can trade them. As the order of priorities shifts, the top of the stack can be pivoted into our workload, but the new bottom of the stack will be pivoted out, back into the backlog queue to be groomed again later. It is our expectation that these things get worked out during backlog grooming sessions, but we understand business is often unpredictable, fast paced and priorities can shift. We're happy to shift with our clients to meet there needs, but there are always trade offs.
This flexibility often needs to go both directions. Sometimes a task that looks relatively simple can hit weird edge cases, like library conflicts, deprecation of features we've relied on in the past, or sometimes something as simple as "This approach isn't maintainable". For software development, it is important to be willing to pivot away from unmaintainable, gross solutions that users won't like, even if it seemed like a great idea up front. We all have to be agile. We have to be willing to pivot.